• Hayes, J. M. (2001) Fractionation of the isotopes of carbon and hydrogen in biosynthetic processes. pp. 225-278 in John W. Valley and David R. Cole (eds.) Stable Isotope Geochemistry, Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry Vol. 43. Mineralogical Society of America, Washington, D. C.(2001).
    PDF available at John Hayes’ Website
  • Hayes, J.M. and Sessions, A.L. (2002) Edited teaching notes. Especially sections 2.3 “Isotope effects” and 2.4 “Isotopic fractionations”.
    Available for downoading at John Hayes’ Website
  • Laws, E. A., Popp, B. N., Bidigare, R. R. Kennicutt, M. C., and Macko, S. A. (1995) Dependence of phytoplankton carbon isotopic composition on growth rate and [CO2]aq: Theoretical considerations and experimental results. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta. 59, 1131-1138.
  • Eglinton T. I., Benitez-Nelson B. C., Pearson A., McNichol A. P., Bauer J. E., and Druffel E. R. M. (1997) Variability in radiocarbon ages of individual organic compounds from marine sediments. Science 277, 796-799.
  • Pearson, A., McNichol, A. P., Benitez-Nelson, B. C., Hayes, J. M. and Eglinton, T. I. (2001) Origins of lipid biomarkers in Santa Monica Basin surface sediment: A case study using compound-specific 14C analysis. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta. 65, 3123-37.
  • Sessions, A. L., Burgoyne, T. W., Schimmelmann, A. and Hayes, J. M. (1999) Fractionation of hydrogen isotopes in lipid biosynthesis. Organic Geochemistry 30, 1193-1200.
  • Sigman, D. M. and Casciotti, K. L. (2001) Nitrogen isotopes in the ocean. pp. 1884-1894 in Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences, J. H. Steele, K. K. Turekian, and S. A. Thorpe (eds.). Academic Press, London.